Like psychology programs, behavioral science is a rigorous exploration of the reasons that people behave the way they do. Behavioral scientists consider both the physiological (brain chemistry) and psychological influences on people, generally with the goal of controlling risky behaviors (like alcohol, drug abuse, and bulimia) and improving quality of life.

Behavioral scientists are generally qualified for the same positions as those with psychology degrees of the same level.

A graduate with a bachelor's in behavioral science will be qualified for psychologist aide positions (see Psychology: Psychologist Aides), for positions in business like marketing and advertising, and for other support positions in fields like criminal justice.

Graduates with master's degrees in behavioral science will be qualified for certain counselor positions (see Counseling) IF they have completed state licensing requirements that include many hours of supervised clinical experience.

Graduates with doctorates in behavioral science and satisfactory completion of their state's licensing requirements can become psychologists (see Psychology: Psychologists).